Prevention of fall injuries in adults

In the United States alone, one out of three older adults fall each year, or one every 20 minutes. As a result, falling is the single biggest cause of traumatic brain injuries, fatal and non-fatal injuries in older adults. What we often don’t know is that a little bit of conscious effort goes a long way in reducing this number.

What you can do for prevention of fall injuries in adults


As we get older, our bodies get weaker and lose certain abilities and coordination. This is one of the biggest factors leading to a high number of fall injuries. Exercises that focus on lower body strength, balance, and posture help in a big way. You don’t have to invest in a gym membership or in installing exercising machines; regular walks in the park would be more than enough for an older adult to retain his or her lower body strength and ability to carry his or her body weight without problems.

Eye checks

Falling due to weak vision is surprisingly common among older people. The fact is that even though some people complain more about mundane things as they get older, they often do not share their health problems or conditions. Regular eye checks and taking corrective measures in case of problems would go a long way in prevention of fall injuries in adults. Remember that an inexpensive pair of glasses may be all that is needed to prevent fall injuries and expensive hospitalizations.

General body health

The regular check-up will help in noticing the presence of risks and preventing fall injuries. Do not depend entirely on the doctor, look for signs like difficulty getting up from a couch, holding onto furniture or the wall while walking, or reluctance to visit some parts of the house or climb the stairs. If you see any of these signs, you’d be safe to consider that your loved one is having a high risk of fall injuries.

Home safety

Consider if anything in your house poses a possibility of causing a fall, e.g, something that can be tripped over, an awkward bend in the stairs, and take necessary corrective measures. You can also have additional safety measures in place, like fixing grab rails and grab bars, or replacing the bathroom tiles with non-slip products. One thing that often shows to be the cause of fall injuries in adults is poor or inadequate lighting combined with weak vision. The bottom line here is – make your home a safe place.


3If you or anyone in your home is on medication, always take special care to understand their possible side-effects. There are many drugs that cause drowsiness or muscle weakness as side-effects. Many people, especially older adults, are not very good at remembering which medication to take when, and may need careful supervision of family members. For example, a particular drug may be prescribed
to be taken at bedtime because of the side-effects, and if taken at the wrong time, may greatly impair normal body functions.

What you must have realized after reading the ways for prevention of fall injuries in adults is that there is nothing difficult to do or no expensive devices to buy; as we have said before, a little bit of conscious effort is all that is needed to protect your loved ones
or yourself from fall injuries.

Role Of Nurses In Mental Health

Different fields of nursing are considered to be challenging, but the most notable of all is the mental health. Like you know there have been various researches that have been conducted since time immemorial regarding human brain but still, a significant percentage of the functionality of human brain remains a mystery to the experts. The brain is an important organ in the body. This is why dealing with people who have mind related diseases will never be an easy task.

Treatment of mental diseases

Mental health njvkgogihohurses have to work with a variety of conditions that involves dysfunctional brain process. Some of the diseases nurses deal with in this case are personality issues, psychoses or psychological disorders. The core responsibility of mental health nurses is to strive and ensure that they form a therapeutic bond with their patients who are suffering from mental illness not forgetting their family.

Offering mental support

People suffering from mental illness in most instances tend to be misunderstood by the society. This is because most people in the society can’t understand why those people behave the way do. This is a major challenge faced by both parents and families struggling to come to terms with conditions that deprived their loved one standard functionality. Mental health nurses are the source of support to these families.

Nursing special mental problems

Mental health nurses are dynamic people in the sense that they are capable of working in any clinical environment. They can work in mental institutions, hospitals and or even in the communities which have been dominated by people with mental problems due to drugs like bhang. Their knowledge and understanding of the theories behind all types of psychological problems make them best option when it comes to providing specialized services to people with a mental health condition.

Coordination with other health professionalsrwrw

In most cases, mental health nurses are expected to be part of professionals who specialize in what can be described as lie in mental health care. These includes psychologists, occupational therapist, general practitioners, medical assistants and in some cases social workers are also involved.

Identification of extreme cases

Difficult patients are the order of the day in many mental facilities. Without well trained and disciplined nurses, such facilities would be experiencing lots of disasters on a daily basis. In these facilities, it is the duty of the nurse to spot an extreme case and immediately neutralize it before it creates a bigger problem.

Pain Management Strategies

The body often goes through pain primarily due to diseases or accidents. Whatever the cause of the pain is, you need to learn how to employ focus and deep breathing so as to relax the body and manage the pain. At first attempting to relax while in pain can be challenging but you have to remember that relaxing the muscle tension is imperative. You will need to remove attention from pain. This brief overview looks into coping techniques for chronic pain.

Most Effective Pain Management Strategies

Research shows that the mind can alter sensations to a significant extent. If you direct your attention faqfqefaqfqwon another part of your body that is not in pain and develop sensation in that part, you will see you will take your mind away from the pain. Imagine you are in a dark room or shut your eyes and relax. Begin to slow down the rate of breathing. Try to breathe deeply using the chest for about 2 to 3 minutes. Try putting yourself in a relaxed or reclining position in a very dark room. Try to shut your eyes or focus on a point.


This strategy involves mentally separating the part of the body that is in pain from other regions of the body. You can try to imagine the mind and body as separate. A good example is to imagine the sore leg is sitting on a chair across the room and you are seated on the other edge of the chamber.

Sensory splitting

This strategy requires you to divide different sensations such as pain, needles, burning or pins. If your lower back feels hot, focus on the heat sensation rather than pain.

Mental anesthesia

vkjbvklblbnlnThe technique requires you to mentally picture an anesthetic injection being administered to the painful part of the body. Proceed to imagine a cooling, soothing ice pack being placed on the painful part.

Mental analgesia

Form a mental image of a strong painkiller being administered to the painful area. You can also imagine your brain producing massive amounts of endorphins, which are the pain relieving substances in the body, then picture them flowing into the sensitive area.

Employing pain management strategies is a very effective way of coping with pain. However, it is paramount for one to seek medical care as the problem in the body will need to be resolved permanently. Managing pain could not be easier.